What is Caustic Soda?

What is Caustic Soda?

Caustic soda, also known as sodium hydroxide (NaOH) or lye, is a white inorganic metallic base, highly caustic and usually available in granules, flakes or pellets or in ready-made solutions of various strengths. As a strong chemical base, it’s used in multiple industrial applications from the manufacture of paper to … [Read more...]

The Chemistry of Caffeine

The Chemistry of Caffeine

Like most of us, I start my day with a cup of coffee to kick-off my brain into operation! I am not alone, as I’m joined by over 90% of the world population consuming this psychoactive drug in one way or another! Interestingly, the coffee plant is not the only one with this substance, with other examples including tea, … [Read more...]

Video: Water Purification Process

Video: Water Purification Process

During November 2013, my company ReAgent took delivery of a brand new water storage tank which holds 18,500 litres of high quality, deionised water. The tank was a way of ensuring we could meet increasing demands for deionised water, as well as fill huge containers, even road tankers. The storage tank was connected to … [Read more...]

What is Iron Sulphate? Ferrous Sulphate vs. Ferric Sulphate

What is Iron Sulphate? Ferrous Sulphate vs. Ferric Sulphate

When referring to iron sulphate it’s important to define the oxidation state of the iron atom. This value can range from -2 to +6, but the most common forms are +2 (Fe2+) and +3 (Fe3+). This originates iron(II) sulphate – also known as ferrous sulphate, with the formula FeSO4 – and iron(III) sulphate – also known as ferric … [Read more...]

Easter Eggs-travaganza! The chemistry of eggs

Easter Eggs-travaganza! The chemistry of eggs

Now that Easter is almost here, let’s look at the most recognised symbol for this season: the chicken egg. It may look mundane and ordinary, but from a chemical point of view, this is quite an extraordinary feat of engineering! Anatomy of an egg Shell and shell membrane Eggshells may appear smooth, but under the … [Read more...]