Using Potassium Permanganate to Treat Koi: Dangers and Benefits

Using Potassium Permanganate to Treat Koi: Dangers and Benefits

The effects of potassium permanganate (KMnO4) to treat koi’s external parasites have been known for over 200 years, but this product can be very dangerous to the fish if not used correctly. If you google it, you’ll find many accounts of very high doses applied to a pond, consequently killing all the fish. Potassium … [Read more...]

The Extreme Methods to Control the Ebola Outbreak

The Extreme Methods to Control the Ebola Outbreak

The latest Ebola outbreak is already considered to be the worst since the disease was first identified in 1976. In previous outbreaks, careful containment regulations have successfully stopped the spread of the virus, maintaining the number of infected to only a few hundred per year. This time however the virus is … [Read more...]

Uses of Phosphoric Acid: from fertiliser to anti-nausea medication

Uses of Phosphoric Acid: from fertiliser to anti-nausea medication

In simple terms, you can say phosphoric acid is a weak inorganic acid with the formula H3PO4. However, it’s not as simple as it may seem … and phosphoric acid needs to be seen as a family and not an individual compound. In this family, the simplest “member” is referred to as orthophosphoric acid and it represents a … [Read more...]

The “Hazardous” Chemistry of E-waste

The “Hazardous” Chemistry of E-waste

It’s so easy to forget when you get a new shiny phone, what can be lurking inside this cool polished look. The fact that some toxic compounds are used in the manufacture of electronic devices is not new. For example, in 2011, 137 Chinese workers needed hospitalisation to treat n-hexane poisoning, after complaining of sweaty … [Read more...]

Everything You Want to Know About Acetone

Everything You Want to Know About Acetone

With the systematic names propanone or dimethyl ketone, acetone is a colourless and volatile liquid with many different applications, mostly as a solvent or a “building block” in organic chemistry. In chemical terms, it’s the simplest ketone with the molecular formula (CH3)2CO (sometimes written as C3H6O). It has a fruity … [Read more...]